from 2,390 screened decks to 27 deals

from 2,390 screened decks to 27 deals

I can hardly believe that our AVC II is done investing. Its investment period was over in Q3 of last year.


AVC II is a body of over 2,300 screened decks, almost 1,200 first calls and over 170 deal briefs. All spread across 5 years. Considering that our focus was on startups in the MENA region only, I don’t think those numbers are little, but I’d like to hear your thoughts on that 😉



From 2,390 screened decks to 27 deals


Our Fund II strategy was clear from the start: target Pre-Seed to Series A opportunities that are either MENA-based or have MENA founders or are selling in MENA. We were generally industry-agnostic. We also cared about MVPs, measurable traction and having technical co-founders. Looking back, we did end up investing in a few startups with a sole founder and, in all those cases, we kept encouraging and assisting the existing founder with finding a suitable partner. We don’t recommend founders to remain solo.


The team reviewed deals very religiously. Like I said above, AVC II is a body of 2,390 screened decks that transformed into 96 DDs. The team sent 58 term sheets which resulted in 27 closed deals. All of that happened between 2018 and Q3 2023.



Out of the total opportunities screened by AVC II since 2020, 25% were Egypt-based, 24% were from UAE and 17% from KSA. We also reviewed deals from Kuwait, Jordan, US, Bahrain, UK and others.


In terms of industry segmentation, fintech was the most common sector (20%), followed by e-commerce (9%) and SaaS (8%). Plenty of marketplaces, healthtech, F&B, edtech, logistics and AI.


Our deal screening peaked in 2020 & 2021 – the Covid era – when we reviewed 729 and 629 deals, respectively. It seems WFH was more intense than pre-Covid office and our deal briefs were on fire!



Note the higher proportion of deals closed in the first 2 years of the fund (2018 & 2019) vs. the total deals screened during the same period. Although we screened many more deals in 2020 & 2021, those decks didn’t materialize as they would have if we used the conversion ratio of the first 2 years. 2020 & 2021 were certainly hype years and I’m glad we didn’t jump on just any deal for the sake of it.


You can see we kept screening till the very end (Q3 2023) however we ended up using our remaining dry powder in a few follow-ons. And in parallel, our AVC III began investing.


So… 27 closed deals.


What were their stages when we got in?



Out of the 27, we made follow-ons in 11 (until our dry powder went dry). 3 companies received our follow-on more than once.


The most active grasshoppers in our portfolio have been the Seed deals. Out of the 12 Seed investments we made, 2 got acquired, 2 remain at Seed, 4 progressed to Pre-A, 2 to Series A, 1 to Pre-B and 1 reached as far as Series B. For the sake of comparison, Philip Bahoshy (MAGNiTT) recently published data on 813 MENA seed-funded startups (2015-2020). We beat those statistics. 33% of our seed investments made it to Series A (vs. 15% acc. to MAGNiTT). 8% made it to Series B (vs. 4% acc. to MAGNiTT).


21 companies of our AVC II companies remain active. The fund is a vivid mosaic and the next 2-3 years will tell its final story. Our philosophy goes against Peter Thiel’s opinion on winners and losers; we try to spend time with everyone, including non-grasshoppers = those that are not moving the needle for us.


Right now we’re planning to invest in 4 early-stage startups before the year ends – through our Fund III. The team is currently exploring verticals like Loyalty & discounts, BI SaaS, DaaS (D = Device), AI/Data, F&B Data and HR tech.


…awaiting your decks.

TL;DR (too long; didn’t read)  
Our AVC II is a body of 2,390 screened decks that transformed into 96 DDs. The team sent 58 term sheets which resulted in 27 closed deals. All of that happened between Q4 2018 and Q3 2023. I dissect through the years and stages and look for grasshoppers. ALSO! We’ll be investing in 4 new companies this year via AVC III – maybe also yours? 😉


Family Postcard


Merit raised $12 million and partnered with SAIB

645,000+ accelerated claims

NEV program by TruKKer

Hala gets a debt-based crowdfunding license

The future of finance is customer obsession



and… Gameball has a new look and offers Summer Internships


Latest Jobs @ ArzanVC Family


  • Regional Accounting Manager at Cartlow (Cairo)
  • Fraud & Operational Risk Manager at Hala (Riyadh)
  • Partnerships Manager at Armada (Kuwait)
  • Senior BI Engineer at Money Fellows (Cairo)
  • Senior Developer at Carseer (Amman)
  • Backend Tech Lead at Qoyod (Cairo, hybrid)
  • Financial Analyst at Khazenly (Zamalek)


Till next one,



Twitter     Medium     Website     LinkedIn     YouTube     Email    

Received this from a kind friend? You can subscribe to our newsletter, too.

Copyright © 2024 ArzanVC, All rights reserved.

Want to change how you receive these emails?
You can update your preferences or unsubscribe from this list

our immortal algorithms

our immortal algorithms

Turns out my last month’s newsletter was a good prelude to Swvl’s news of their $3.1m net profit in 2023 from few days ago.


Today I want to talk about the future, why the future is a verb and why Japanese have a word for companies older than 100 years. I’ll also throw in some thoughts on the investment trends in the region.



Building our immortal algorithms


If you’re 30 or younger, you are already living into the future that we all are making right now, whether it’s the tech changes or the climate changes. The world is building “immortal algorithms” that are already defining the future of humanity. (And I don’t mean building AI that will produce the best trip itinerary for Bali.)


Few days ago I listened to a podcast episode with a futurist Ari Wallach. He got me with:


“The future is not a noun.
It’s not this thing out there that we’re heading towards that’s going to kind of wash over us.
The future is very much a verb.
It’s something that we do consistently and constantly as humans, as parents, as partners, as professionals.”


You and I are biologically wired to focus on now and our current selves. The key to overriding that is to be able to envision what success looks like. It’s not as easy as it sounds and there’s training that can help us envision our futures – like writing letters to our future selves. The research shows that writing that letter would change how you think about yourself and your role in future shaping.



Wallach also reminds that every one of us is a futurist thanks to the actions we take at a micro level. But can we see beyond the short-term incentives of our today’s actions? Japanese for sure can. Fun fact – did you know that Nintendo is 135 years old?


The longest-running businesses on planet Earth are:


1/ majority Japanese (they even have a word shinise for companies older than 100 years, literal meaning is “old shop”),
2/ over 1,000 years old (in fact there are 21 such companies in Japan) and
3/ run like family businesses. That means that whoever is in the CEO seat is there to represent them and the future people in his seat. Those individuals never lose sight of their relationship with stakeholders or their role in the community at large.


It’s true that Japan’s startup ecosystem has often been labeled as sluggish. Thinking long-term may trigger a fear of failure. Well, even Japanese entrepreneurial culture is reforming itself nowadays to ensure it can create new, future shinise.


Last weekend I discussed the past, the present and the future on a panel at RiseUp Saudi Summit together with Sharif El-Badawi (DFDF), William Bao Bean (Orbit Startups), Waleed A. Alballaa (Sukna Ventures) and Mohammed Alzubi (Nama Ventures), moderated by Omar Al-Shabaan (The Space).


My thoughts on the future investment trends in the region? We cannot exactly say when the investment activity will increase but at least we know there are things that need to be fixed first before we see any improvement. Which is: We need to see more exits and LPs need to see a proof that their money will come back to them as promised by VCs.


There are companies that have survived the downturn and they continue to grow – those are potential acquisition targets or IPO candidates. Once this cycle comes to an end and money goes back in investors’ hands, we will witness a new cycle where investors will be willing to invest more in VCs and in blind pools in general.


And the distant future? We certainly have our own, regional shinise in the making… A team building another immortal algorithm. A founder imagining his or her legacy. A founder writing letters to his or her future self.


Now go get that paper and pen and start writing.


And don’t forget – we can be immortal through our actions. Stay conscious and careful.

TL;DR (too long; didn’t read)  
Folks 30 or younger are already living into the future that we all are making right now. I discuss how we as humans can get better at imagining (and creating) our future and the future after us. I also share my opinion on the future investment activity trends in the region and I conclude that before we see an improvement in investment levels, we need to first see more exits and LPs need to see their money coming back to them.


Family Postcard


Gameball joined Hub71

Women Leaders Summit in Riyadh

CarSeer partnering with China

NearPay in Las Vegas!

Ahmed Wadi interviewed by Forbes Middle East

One day in the life of a founder

Recover your flood-damaged devices


Latest Jobs @ ArzanVC Family


  • Franchise Development Manager at Cartlow (Dubai)
  • Enterprise Account Manager at Subsbase (Cairo)
  • Loyalty Manager at Gameball
  • Senior Product Designer at Qoyod (Cairo)
  • Product Designer – UI/UX at Hala (Riyadh)
  • Data Architect at Money Fellows (Cairo)


How’s your water sports training going this year?
Depending on your location, you could consider getting stands for kayaks by the main office entrance… skip the umbrella stands and go for the kayaks instead.



Twitter     Medium     Website     LinkedIn     YouTube     Email    

Received this from a kind friend? You can subscribe to our newsletter, too.

Copyright © 2024 ArzanVC, All rights reserved.

Want to change how you receive these emails?
You can update your preferences or unsubscribe from this list

1,420.18% growth over the past 6 months

1,420.18% growth over the past 6 months

Are you following up on the latest tech stock resurrection on the block?


It’s been exactly 7 years since the company was established and 2 years since its debut on Nasdaq, which was followed by a valuation drop from the initial $1.5 billion to $16 million in December’22. Almost a year later we witnessed a long-awaited twist to the story.


The first $1.5 billion unicorn from the Middle East to list on Nasdaq seems to be standing again on its 4 legs. Healthier 4 legs.



The unfolding resurrection of Swvl


The first investment of our Fund II. The first $1.5 billion unicorn from the Middle East to list on Nasdaq stock exchange. I can still remember the excitement on March 31, 2022, ahead of Mostafa Kandil’s ringing of the opening bell. Red confetti flying all over, slowly descending towards the ground. Swvl’s stock price began mimicking the confetti, as if the gravitation force was also pulling it downwards…



Q2 2022, the first quarter since Nasdaq debut


Corp’s Class A ordinary shares and warrants commenced trading on Nasdaq on April 1, 2022 (ticker: SWVL), which was followed by a drop in the stock price due to January anomaly and post-IPO trends. The stock price recovered at the end of April’22 only to be followed by another drop as a result of the global economic downturn.


Swvl announced a portfolio optimization program to turn cash-flow positive in 2023. At that time, the company was already operational in countries like Germany or Argentina. And Swvl’s acquisition spree was in full force: Volt Lines (Turkey), Zeelo (UK) and Urbvan (Mexico). (Note: Zeelo was called off.)


By June’22, Swvl paused daily intra-city rides in Pakistan and Kenya in light of the global economic downturn. The management signaled a possible headcount reduction affecting mainly engineering, product and support. A not so rosy outlook…


But they managed to raise. In August’22, Swvl announced a $20 million private placement, which was supposed to take them to their breakeven point.


Trading below the $1 mark


The optimization program seemed successful: the company turned contribution margin breakeven (after everything except fixed OPEX/R&D), and Egypt, Turkey, Germany, Kenya and Jordan turned Adjusted EBITDA positive or breakeven… But come September’22 and Swvl’s stock price was trading below the $1 mark. The founders explained this was due to short investors and temporary unwillingness of institutional investors to invest. One could also blame Swvl’s rapid expansion policy, which cost the company hundreds of millions of dollars.


Shutting down Pakistan, reducing total headcount by 50%


The company introduced another optimization program to reduce costs by (i) focusing on the largest markets which contribute the majority of Swvl’s revenues (i.e. Egypt and Mexico), (ii) shutting down operations in Pakistan, (iii) reducing headcount by 50% and (iv) cutting operating expenses (incl. marketing).


Swvl’s market value continued to be below the required threshold ($50 million) throughout the last quarter of 2022 and a written notice of non-compliance from Nasdaq was on its way.


Reverse stock split, pending 2022 Annual report


In January’23, Swvl got an ultimatum from Nasdaq to ensure that its minimum market cap is worth $50 million for 10 consecutive days ahead of July 10, 2023.


To regain compliance with the Nasdaq $1.00 minimum bid price requirement, the company proceeded with a reverse stock split of Class A ordinary shares, at the ratio of one-for-25 such that every 25 issued Ordinary Shares would be combined into one Ordinary Share, with a par value of $0.0025 each. Swvl began trading on Nasdaq on a split-adjusted basis at the start of trade on January 26, 2023.


In the middle of all that, Swvl cancelled its acquisition of Volt Lines (Turkey). Not a shocking move.


Another notice from Nasdaq was on its way in May’23, this time for Swvl not doing its homework. Its annual report (fiscal year ended December 31, 2022) was not submitted on time. Nasdaq’s new deadline was the end of October’23.


Licensed in Egypt, moving to Nasdaq Capital Market


In June’23, Swvl became the first company to acquire a license for transporting people in Egypt using an app. This five-year license was granted to them by Egypt’s Land Transport Regulatory Authority (LTRA). The company was also looking into operating smart transport lines to link Greater Cairo with the New Administrative Capital.


Given the persisting market cap issues, Nasdaq approved Swvl’s request to transfer its listing from the Nasdaq Global Market to the Nasdaq Capital Market, an equity market for companies with the smallest levels of market capitalization within the Nasdaq Composite Index. The trading commenced on July 19, 2023.


In line with Swvl’s strategy to focus on higher priority markets, the company sold Urbvan Mobility to Kolors, a leading transport provider in Latin America, for aggregate gross proceeds of $12 million (all cash). Urbvan represented approx. 7% of Swvl’s IFRS revenues as of December 31, 2022.


First group gross profit


The last day of October’23 couldn’t come faster enough. Turns out Swvl’s 2022 revenues grew 101% yoy and the company posted its first group gross profit ($2.75 million), largely because its revenue grew faster than its basic cost of operating its fleet of buses (55% yoy). Booked rides jumped to almost 46 million and Swvl buses were full 96% of the time.


The market was expecting a jump in stock price following the H1’23 results announcement that was due at the end of December’23.



Graph: Swvl 6m stock price chart as of April 3, 2024.


First-ever net profit


On December 27, 2023 we all learned of Swvl’s first-ever net profit of $2 million in H1’23 (vs. -$161.6 million in H1’22).


Turns out that most revenues (73.7%) come from selling technology that clients use to plan their routes, operate fleet services or even manage riders. The rest is from operating buses. Also, the company’s largest market (Egypt) brought in 93% of its revenues, while KSA brought in 7%. (Nada from the UAE though it’s also one of their focus markets.)


How did they achieve profitability? Swvl had cut about one third of its workforce in 2022, which allowed them to reach profitability in 2023 instead of 2024 as originally planned. They sold off their subsidiaries in over a dozen countries (Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Germany & Pakistan) and narrowed the focus to three markets: Egypt, KSA and the UAE. They also reduced the compensation paid to senior management and company directors from $13.4 million in H1’22 to $344k in H1’23. And they sold Urbvan earlier in 2023.


Swvl aims to proceed with careful expansions in 2024, with a focus on Saudi and rehiring some of its employees, which will again increase their compensation packages.


And the stock price? Resurrected. Awake. 1,420.18% growth over the past 6 months.


2023 annual report should be announced soon. We’re all ears.

TL;DR (too long; didn’t read)  
I map Swvl’s actions and decisions since its trading debut on Nasdaq 2 years ago until its stock price resurrection starting December 27, 2023, following the announcement of the company’s first ever net profit. Swvl’s stock price grew 1,420.18% over the past 6 months.


Family Postcard


Swvl turned 7

Klaim + Emirates Development Bank

Carseer + Abu Khader Automotive Group

Taker + Saudi Food Bank

Zid’s new strategic partnerships

Whatever your business is… (an ad by Qoyod)

Shortlisted for the Positive Luxury Awards


Latest Jobs @ ArzanVC Family


  • Manager/Director, Legal Affairs at Zid (Riyadh)
  • Backend Tech Lead at Qoyod (Cairo)
  • Merchant Acquisition Specialist at Money Fellows (Cairo)
  • People & Culture Specialist at Gameball (Cairo)
  • Senior Accountant at Lucky (Al Giza)
  • Business Development Associate at Subsbase (Cairo)



Take care,


Twitter     Medium     Website     LinkedIn     YouTube     Email    

Received this from a kind friend? You can subscribe to our newsletter, too.

Copyright © 2024 ArzanVC, All rights reserved.

Want to change how you receive these emails?
You can update your preferences or unsubscribe from this list

a 4:45AM idea (my latest personal exit)

a 4:45AM idea (my latest personal exit)

I’m not sure how many of you know the story of Pentugram, the startup I had co-founded along with Miled Elias. Pentugram got acquired by KSA’s RasMal and we announced the transaction last week at LEAP.


Here’s the story of my latest personal exit.



The story of Pentugram, its 3 key challenges and lessons learned


Last week Saudi-based RasMal announced that it acquired Pentugram, a startup that I had founded in 2018. A 6-word bio: a dealflow and portfolio management tool.


6 years ago I had been continuously searching for tools that would help Arzan VC manage the increasing deal flow and our portfolio companies’ data. We were looking for software that would be reasonably priced and would combine both deal flow and portfolio management. We demoed many tools: Affinity, Zapflow, mydealflow, etc. We went ahead with Pipedrive and Asana, but I was already anticipating that with the amount of data we were receiving daily, those softwares won’t allow us to benefit from our own data… and this problem got me really excited 😉 You can easily imagine the amount of interesting startup pitches that had passed through my hands and ears since 2014. I always imagined what it would be like to be in the shoes of founders and pitching, because it appeared as much more fun than sitting on the comfortable (not so those days) VC seat. And it turned out to be more fun; more exciting yet more challenging, too.


A 4:45AM idea


One early morning I woke up at 4:45AM with an idea that could be developed and used internally at Arzan VC and licensed externally to other ecosystem investors. The idea was to create a platform on which founders could keep all their data/metrics and share it with investors who would also be on that platform. It would allow for all data to be in one place, easily shareable by founders, while in parallel allowing investors to accumulate all their notes, emails, tasks and news related to specific startups. All that in one place. I could not sleep anymore and right from the morning I began brainstorming the idea with my team at Arzan VC. By coincidence, on that very same day, I was meant to meet the CEO of the Kuwaiti National Fund for SMEs and I thought: It’s a perfect opportunity to pitch the platform to them and get their initial feedback. Obviously, the platform was non-existent and I had one hour to come up with a name. Pentugram. I liked how it sounded although its meaning had no relevance to the platform. I was sure that, with time, the platform would create its own brand value.


After some extensive research, I presented the idea to Arzan Financial Group (AFG) who liked my thesis and decided to support Pentugram with an investment. I hired the head of engineering Abdulhaleem Lagrid and we began to stage the project and set the development milestones. We started by recruiting a designer and back-end and front-end developers, all from Tunis. I was so excited that I had gotten this opportunity to build a tech startup although I was pretty busy managing Arzan VC.


Challenge no.1


The MVP was ready after 9 months of hard work. It was far from what was acceptable, but the team’s excitement kept me going. Being a venture capitalist, I used my connections to get other regional VCs to consider using Pentugram. Let me tell you, the talks with fellow VCs turned out to be not what I’d expect. None of them was comfortable with the idea that another VC would host their data (although important data is encrypted).



So, I immediately started to think about an alternative way to sell this product without being questioned about data confidentiality or even ownership. I decided to spin off the project as a standalone company, hire a COO and remove Arzan VC from the cap table. I was lucky enough to meet Miled Elias at one of ArabNet’s events and I knew he would be a great person to manage the sales and operations of the business.


Challenge no.2


Miled, Abdulhaleem and I worked closely with the team to develop the platform and bring it up to a standard that VCs would find acceptable. The team at Arzan VC played a key role in the process by providing continuous feedback, which helped us not only to improve the platform but also to make it as slick as it is today. Once ready, Miled began pitching the platform to VCs from the region and this was when we stumbled upon our second major challenge. Although the VCs liked our platform, they were worried that a regional platform like Pentugram might not exist in the short term since we had not raised any significant funding rounds and we might have a rather short runway. In addition, back in 2018, a SaaS from MENA was not as appreciated as it is today. Any international tool would be preferred.


Challenge no.3


To solve the challenges, we raised a second round from AFG to ensure a long runway and we also hired a digital marketing expert. Our aim was to onboard more VCs who could help us improve the platform further and give us feedback. This proved to work and Pentugram expanded from 1 client (Arzan VC) to 9 clients. We began receiving precious feedback. Miled was superb in providing a customized customer experience and clients loved his passion and willingness to help. However, we got face to face with our third challenge (which was, at the same time, a benefit for this business model). These CRM tools can be very sticky! If a potential client was already using different software, it would be very difficult to make them shift to Pentugram. Hence, we focused on pitching Pentugram to newly established regional VCs.


As Miled continued to sell, we all realized the difficulties he was facing in convincing VC partners to sign up and pay. We had a feeling that partners thought of Pentugram as a “nice to have” tool, but not a “must have”. Looking back, I don’t think we were able to clearly demonstrate the long-term value of Pentugram to potential clients and hence onboarding clients turned out to be a struggle. As I expressed earlier, the vision of Pentugram was to enable VCs to use their data and improve their decision-making. That was not clear to our clients. Moreover, it became clear that if we continued our focus on VC firms, our market size would be too small. Hence, we decided to use our core platform to build new products that would cater to other fund managers in different asset classes such as private equity, wealth management, real estate, etc. Although we had very little funding left, we were able to create a reporting platform for retail investors who are invested with Arzan Wealth (a firm focused on investing in yielding assets): they would log in and easily view the news about their investments and details about their income distributions.


A future with RasMal


I believe there are different ways in which Pentugram can be attractive as a software tool for asset managers, but we could not have developed that with the limited resources we had. For Pentugram to be successful and truly take off, it would require selling the product in much larger markets in order to receive consistent customer feedback. We realized that the traction would be much better if we integrated with existing deal flow management tools and focused on developing a technology that demonstrates AI. This is when RasMal came into the picture.


We passed the torch to team RasMal last week (along with Miled, who is now fully at RasMal) and I am convinced that RasMal’s acquisition will allow for the continuous development of Pentugram. RasMal will introduce Pentugram to a broader range of asset managers beyond just venture capitalists, ultimately leading to improved returns for all users.


Thank you, Miled, Abdulhaleem and team Pentugram, for the journey.

TL;DR (too long; didn’t read)  
6 years ago I had been continuously searching for tools that would help Arzan VC manage the increasing deal flow and our portfolio companies’ data. In 2018 I got an idea to create a platform on which founders could keep all their data/metrics and share it with investors who would also be on that platform. Last week we announced that Pentugram got acquired by RasMal. Thank you, Miled, Abdulhaleem and team Pentugram for the ride.


Family Postcard


Hala, Zid and Lean Technologies on one stage

Delivering in 7 cities in Saudi

Luxury’s resilient price points

Feeding collection in 3,2,1…

Zid + Qoyod

Qoyod + Supi

Subsbase + KayanHR


Latest Jobs @ ArzanVC Family


  • Bookkeeping Manager at Qoyod (Riyadh)
  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Specialist at Money Fellows (Cairo)
  • Business Development Manager at Subsbase (Cairo)
  • Sales Executive at TruKKer (Amman)
  • Sales Executive – SaaS specialist at Repzo
  • Content Marketer at Gameball (remote)



Wishing you a peaceful Ramadan,


Twitter     Medium     Website     LinkedIn     YouTube     Email    

Received this from a kind friend? You can subscribe to our newsletter, too.

Copyright © 2024 ArzanVC, All rights reserved.

Want to change how you receive these emails?
You can update your preferences or unsubscribe from this list

save this term sheet for later

save this term sheet for later

If January was a trial month, would you cancel your annual subscription?


Back to reality. Those of you who didn’t intercept Clara releasing their updated Term Sheet for Series A investments – I got you covered.


Their Term Sheet provides a balanced and fair draft of key terms and conditions, endorsed by various venture capital firms, investors and law firms in the Middle East, including Arzan VC, 500 Startups, Wamda, MEVCA and TaylorWessing.


Scroll down for the download link.



Term Sheet template for Series A rounds in MENA ecosystem (by Clara)


Founders, you’re all well-aware that a term sheet is one of the most important documents that you will negotiate and sign, and so it’s super important that we are all aligned with the latest legal standards in our market.


Do you know what a good Series A Term Sheet looks like? And do you know what provisions are worth fighting for? (Short answer: Not just the valuation…)



Clara team took it on their shoulders to update their Term Sheet for Series A with the help of leading VCs and law firms in the region – and we thank Clara for spearheading this initiative.


Clara’s Term Sheet is what a Series A term sheet should look like with standard, clean and balanced terms. Remember that this is a template and it’s been developed for use in common law jurisdictions, such as ADGM, DIFC, the Cayman Islands and BVI.


Download your copy here.


You’ll notice that it comprises 37 sections, including Price (+ Valuation), Liquidation Preference, Anti-Dilution, Voting Rights, Conversion Rights and, equally crucial, Information Rights. Also, your Board composition will hint on your power dynamics and how much control the investor wants to exercise when it comes to operational decisions. (Note that Clara’s Term Sheet is non-legally binding, intended for discussion purposes only, with the exception of the last six of the 37 sections, which are binding.)


Schedule 1 presents Pre- and Post-Closing Cap tables, Schedule 2 outlines a sample list of Board Reserved Matters and Schedule 3 outlines a sample list of Shareholder Reserved Matters.



A serious last note:
I’d say Clara’s term sheet is very straightforward and it’s a solid foundation to build on. Ping me if you got questions.

TL;DR (too long; didn’t read)  
Clara released a Term Sheet for Series A investments, which entails of standard, clean and balanced terms and conditions, endorsed by various venture capital firms, investors and law firms in the Middle East, including Arzan VC, 500 Startups, Wamda, MEVCA and TaylorWessing. Link in the text.


Family Postcard


Nearpay at Seamless Singapore

Lucky One was lucky in 2023

Merit recognized as leader of Saudi growth

Carseer became closer to Islamic International Arab Bank customers

Citron offers free replacement parts until Feb 11

Retailo + Starlinks

Subsbase + Wadi Degla


Latest Jobs @ ArzanVC Family


  • Community Sales Executive at Money Fellows (Cairo)
  • Senior Product Manager – Payments at Money Fellows (Cairo)
  • Product Innovation Manager at Qoyod (Riyadh)
  • Full Stack Engineer (Lead) at Khazenly (Cairo)
  • Product Owner at Khazenly (Cairo)
  • Partnership Executive at Merit Incentives (Singapore)



See you around,


Twitter     Medium     Website     LinkedIn     YouTube     Email    

Received this from a kind friend? You can subscribe to our newsletter, too.

Copyright © 2024 ArzanVC, All rights reserved.

Want to change how you receive these emails?
You can update your preferences or unsubscribe from this list